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Selecting suitable mechanical thermometers for an activity is not an instant task. Bimetal thermometers or gas-actuated thermometers ? your choice on the type of thermometer alone depends upon several factors. One of the most important selection criteria is the response time of the measuring Instrument.
With regards to speed, there is no way around gas-actuated thermometers. As a rule of thumb, these thermometers take about 30 seconds for a temperature adjustment from 10�C to 90�C. A bimetal thermometer would display the same final value after 90 seconds. Due to their short response times, gas-actuated thermometers are particularly ideal for integration into switching requirements.
The difference in speed is explained by the various functional principles of both thermometer types ? unlike the bimetal thermometer (which uses the principle of different expansion coefficients), the measuring system of a gas-actuated thermometer is filled up with helium under great pressure. Any change in temperature causes an instantaneous change in internal pressure in the stem. The pressure deforms the measuring tube and the deflection is used in the pointer via a movement.
Thermowells affect the response time
As with other measuring instruments, in critical processes, mechanical thermometers must be combined with a thermowell. diaphragm seal ought to be considered that such a sleeve will also have an influence, to some extent significant, on the response time of the thermometer. To what extent, depends on the material and wall thickness of the thermowell.
Note
Further information on mechanical thermometers are available on the WIKA website beneath the headings Dial thermometers and Thermometers with switch contacts.
See also our articles
Selection criteria for mechanical thermometers (2): process temperature
Selection criteria for dial thermometers (3): Capillary